Standing in the cold lifeless air of Westminster Abbey, surrounded by marble morbidity, the good and great and privileged interred at every turn, monarchs at the head of the table and poets consigned to a dim corner, and there, amid the flag stones of the nave lie the mortal remains of Charles Darwin, a three lined epitaph for the founder of the theory of modern evolution, we need little explanation of who he is or what he contributed, your attention soon wanders, you glance at the neighbouring grave, so close they could be related, the Latin inscription reveals little and you could be forgiven for wandering off in search of dead poets and princesses.
The obscure tomb suspiciously close to that of Darwin’s is that of Sir John Herschel, astronomer, biologist, chemist, and mathematician. He was a mentor and source of inspiration for Darwin. Herschel came from good stock, his father discovered Uranus, and the family’s contribution to astronomy is immeasurable. Sir John married his cousin and had twelve children, he was a Polymath.
When we consider the origins and invention of photography it’s usually Henry Fox Talbot and Louis Daguerre that spring to mind but John Frederick William Herschel is as, if not more important. Herschel gave us the term photography and gave us the photographic meaning of negative and positive and his discovery of using sodium thiosulphate as a solvent for silver halides, producing what we know as fixer or hypo which allowed Henry Fox Talbot and Louis Daguerre to make permanent the images they were creating in those heady days of the mid-nineteenth century.
Importantly Herschel invented the Cyanotype the process that gave us blueprints used primarily for technical drawing. A simple process of using a combination of iron compound coated paper being exposed to UV light then washed. Sir John introduced family friend and fellow botanist Anna Atkins to the process who created a series of the most beautiful images of algae and other plants, she is regarded as the first female photographer and produced the first-ever book of photographs.
During the first Covid confinement I decided it was time to experiment with Cyanotypes as part of my slow photography movement, probably not the same buzz in the Home Counties as that of the antics of Hershel and Atkins but never the less.
There really is no explanation for the creative process, I can only say that from time to time I find myself crawling around graveyards, is it the arrogance of being alive amongst the dead or a sense of my own mortality, I don’t know. I decided to collect the fallen leaves from the graves I found interesting and have them squirreled away.
The Leaves of Poets had been a title jangling around my head for a while and with the pandemic pending I had to use what was easily at hand, so this first attempt has been made with leaves found on the grave of JRR Tolkein, and I do think one image in particular has an air of Middle Earth about it.
Leaves that have so many symbolic meanings are great subjects but not the easiest when working with Cyanotype or Lumen printing, the translucence of petals does work better, so you sit there in the mud contemplating the shapes of shedded shade. It’s all part of the mindful approach to slow photography.
Creating Cyanotypes is a simple process, you can buy raw chemicals but with the growing popularity of camerless photography, kits are easily available online. You don’t need a darkroom or much in the way of photographic experience. I will prepare a PDF of full instructions of Cyanotype and Lumen printing and include a resource of further reading, leave a message in the comments section below or mail me.
These kits look pretty good-Click the image for details
Watch The Simple Cyanotype Mixtape via the link below
Anna Atkins is a truly remarkable woman; her groundbreaking photography was more than just an exercise in the ascetic, it was a combination of her botanical scientific study, technical ability, and determination, but it is her love of the subject that make her simple blue and white images as beautiful today as they were a century and a half ago.
There does not seem to be many books available on Herschel or Atkins but this illustrated biography of Atkins looks pretty-click the image for details;
This is the only comprehensive biography on the fascinating genius of Sir John Herschel I could find-Click the image for details;
As I went in search of the unsung heroes of the origins of photography, a rabbit hole of revelation if ever there was one, I discovered the Herschel family home is in the same village as my late grandparents lived; Hawkhurst in Kent, just behind the Eight Bells pub where one night in my early twenties I got incredibly drunk with my Grandfather, the pub dates back to 1847 so there is every chance Sir John popped in for a cheeky pint, our paths missing by about a hundred and fifty years. And while we are on the people I have not met in pubs topic; both JRR Tolkein and I were regulars in the Eagle and Child pub in Oxford, although sadly, not at the same time.
Mindfulness, slow photography, and adventures with analog are all therapeutic experiments I will be pursuing more often and will be happy to help anyone else attempting similar projects and let me know if you are interested in a cheat sheet on getting started with Cyanotypes.
This is my favorite image from the first series, more pac-man than middle-earth but that is the curious thing about nature.
Should anyone be interested in purchasing the original artwork I may make them available via Ebay
Thank you for all for taking the time to read and do feel free to share on whatever platforms you are using.
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Thank you 🙂
Thank you for looking at my art/photography site. The above write up on cyanotype is lovely. I very much enjoyed reading it – the times of Herschel and Darwin etc must have been fascinating times to have lived in. I have worked with the cyanotype process for quite a few years and also have a web site on cyanotype called “Jen’s Cyanotype Muse” – some of the works I have done and techniques used are on my blog on https://jennifereurell.wordpress.com/blog/.
Your work is wonderful and I will be returning, no doubt on more than one occasion as I move forward with new projects, my post as you would have gathered was just a first attempt, I have recently moved and now have more space to work and lots of ideas. I am in Turkey now and not sure how easily I can find chemicals but will be exploring Anthoypes and Lumen at least.
So glad you enjoyed the post
Very nice article! I too find creating cyanotypes not only a tranquil process, but an exciting one as well. Finding the objects and creating the design is the tranquil part; the waiting for the resulting image is the exciting part!
I will be doing lots more camerless photography very soon, I am not sure how easily I can now find Cyanotype chemicals now but I have been sourcing alternatives and new subjects.
I do like the subject to have a story but leaves were not so easy as you know
Glad you enjoyed it
Reblogged this on Inky emotions.
time to post new material, John — and thanks for liking my little odd poem ‘Baths’
Yes, I have been otherwise engaged these past few months but am back on it now!
It’s been almost exactly a year since I last took a bath.
that is a while 🙂
Fascinating post, John, and I love your pursuit and the results of slow photography project. Your idea for the title and the theme are wonderful. I appreciate the reading suggestions, too. Happy to connect with you. 🙂
Thank you Jane 🙂
I have been busy with projects and lots more to come soon-stay tuned
A good read John. – and thanks for checking out my cyanotypes too – SarahGarrod.co.uk
Thank you Sarah 🙂
I never tried cyanotypes but for sure is something I’ll have to do. I think this slow process will give a strong lasting emotion. And I love that Kerouac book!
Yes, absolutely, give it a go.
Truly top class writing. If you have the inclination to go commercial and write thrillers based in the Middle East, you’d be head and shoulders above the typical Ex Special Forces types doing so now. In any case, most interesting.
Haha thank you Ashley.
I can only really write from experience so a novel seems unlikely-who knows though.
I do appreciate your kind comments thank you 🙂
I loved that cyanototype of JRRT’s grave leaves. What a giant soul, an ancestral spirit protecting the heart of European culture, though how long his watch may last is rapidly becoming questionable, alas! In any case, I used this simple image as the basis for a spontaneously composed haiku which am playing with this month…
Elves in language lost to men, sprites and spirits beyond our ken
Frozen in captured time
We are all trapped in fresh blue aquarelle nowness.
This is beautiful
Thank you 🙂
Thank you for this, totally fascinating.
I am so glad you enjoyed it Gwen 🙂
Thanks for turning me on to Sir John Herschel. Despite my history of photography class in art school, I’d never even heard of him. So thanks for that. Your cyanotypes are quite lovely as well.
Thank you Stephen.
Yes I did feel Herschel has been overlooked but deserves more attention
Your work is magnificent! These cynotyoes are so beautiful and the fact that the leaves are from the graves of poets… incredibly poignant. Thank you for sharing your journey, Jon.
My pleasure Kerri 🙂
I am so glad you appreciate the meaning-its an ongoing project and hopefully I will be able to share more soon
Thanks for stopping by
My first read and seeing the visuals of your work. Fantastic. I have never tried this medium. Latent imagery is forever in my mindset when taking photographs. Black and white film first choice. This sounds interesting. I did have Flickr friends that experimented in this style and found it fascinating. You have a wonderful poetical vibe. Thank you.
I sure want to try this too. It causes nice effects.
I couldn’t love this more!